What Does Hedge Mean In Basketball?

Hedge Mean in Basketball

A hedge is a term used in basketball to describe a defensive move. When an opponent is defending a player, they may attempt to hedge their defender to create space. This can be done by using their body to shield the defender away from the ball or by moving quickly in one direction and then abruptly changing directions.

A hedge can also be used as a verb, meaning to defend oneself or one’s property against loss. In the context of basketball, this might refer to a team’s strategy of protecting its lead late in the game.

For example, a team up by three points with 30 seconds left might choose to foul their opponents rather than let them have a chance at tying the game with a three-pointer. 

Why Can The Hedge Be Potentially Effective?

Why Hedge Be Potentially Effective?
Hedge In Basketball

The hedge can be a potentially effective strategy for several reasons. 

  • It can help to slow down the offensive player and give the defender time to recover.
  • It can force the offensive player to change directions, reducing their rhythm and timing.
  • It can create space between the offensive player and the basket, making it more difficult for them to score.

Effective Ways To Create Hedge Reliably:

Effective Ways To Create Hedge Reliably
How To Create Hedge Reliably?

There are many different ways to execute a hedge, but the most important thing is to ensure you do it correctly. Here are some tips on how to create an effective hedge:

Offensive Concept:

Avoid Offensive Hedge
Offensive Play In Basketball

Here are a few tips for offensive teams to avoid hedge:

  1. Use quick passes and cuts to create space between you and the defender.
  2. Use screens to keep the defender away from the ball.
  3. Ensure your spacing is good so you can make passes and cuts without being crowded by defenders.
  4. Be aware of where the defender is and make sure you have a plan to avoid them. 

Defensive Concept:

Defensive Concept
Defense In Basketball

Here are some tips on how to create a hedge:

  1. Establish good positioning early on. This means being in the right place at the right time so you can cut off the dribbler’s driving lane and contest their shot.
  1. Be patient and wait for the right opportunity to make your move. If you lunge too early, the dribbler will adjust and go around you.
  1. Use your body and arms to block off the dribbler’s path without fouling them. You want to be physical but not overly so, as this will only give them an easy way to get past you.
  1. Keep your hands up at all times. This will help you to block off the dribbler’s passing lanes and contest their shots. The more confident you are in your defensive skills, the better you will be able to force turnovers and get easy dunks.

Tidying Pick And Rolls:

How to Do Pick And Rolls In Basketball?
Tidying Pick And Rolls

A pick-and-roll is when an offensive player sets a screen for another offensive player. The screener then “rolls” towards the basket after the screen is set. The defender guarding the screener had to choose between staying with their original assignment or following the screener to the basket. This leaves the other offensive player wide-open for a pass and an easy shot. 

Hedge And Recover:

Hedge and recover is a term used in basketball to describe a defensive move where a player uses their body to block an opponent from driving to the basket, then quickly recovers back to their original position. This can effectively slow down an opponent’s offense and give your team time to regroup.

Basketball Hedge Variations:

There are two main types of hedges; the hard hedge and the flat hedge.

Hard Hedge:

The hard hedge is executed by the offensive player planting their body in front of their defender, making it difficult to get around them.

Flat Hedge:

The flat hedge is a less aggressive version of the hard hedge, where the offensive player extends their arm to block their defender’s path. 


In conclusion, the term “hedge” in basketball refers to a defensive technique used to slow down or stop the offensive player’s progress. This move can be used by either the on-ball defender or a help defender. While the hedge can be effective, it is also risky as it leaves the defender out of position if the offensive player makes a quick move.